Author guidelines



Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the authorities responsible where the work was carried out. Copyrights for articles are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. Authors can reuse, reprint, archive, and distribute their articles after publication. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent usage of the work. All submissions will be checked by iThenticate, PlagScan, and Grammarly before being sent to reviewers. Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word format and submitted online. The editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication. If you have any questions, please contact the editor of the journal, Dr. Tomasz Wierzchowski: at


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    Upon receipt of a submission, the editor sends an email of confirmation to the submission’s author within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission email may have been missed.

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    Peer review. We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers and authors’ identities remain anonymous. The paper will be reviewed by at least two experts: one editorial staff member and one external reviewer.
    The review process may take 12 to 16 weeks.

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    Notification of the result of the review by email.

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    If the submission is accepted, the authors revise accordingly and pay the publication fee.

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    PDF version of the journal is free for download on the journal’s webpage.



Please write your text in proper English; American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of both.

Length of Paper

Papers between 4,000 and 6,000 words are preferred.


To ensure the integrity of the peer review process, every effort should be made to prevent the identities of the authors and reviewers from being known to each other. When you upload a submission file, author identities should be removed from it. You should upload the title page as a supplementary file for the editor to review.


Be concise and informative. The title is often used in information-retrieval systems and should be at most 21 words long and not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. If you choose to have a subtitle, it should be italicized and centered below the main title..

Authors’ Names and Affiliations

The preferred form of an author’s name is first name, middle initial(s), and last name; this form reduces the likelihood of mistaken identity. To assist researchers and librarians, use the same form for publication throughout your career; do not use initials on one manuscript and your full name on a later one. Determining whether Juanita A. Smith is the same person as J. A. Smith, J. Smith, or A. Smith can be difficult, particularly when citations span several years and institutional affiliations. Omit all titles (e.g., Dr., Professor) and degrees (e.g., PhD). The authors’ affiliation identifies the location of the author(s) at the time the research was conducted, which is usually an institution. Include a dual affiliation only if two institutions substantially support the study. Include no more than two affiliations per author. If an author has no institutional affiliation, list the city and state of his/her residence. The authors’ names should appear in the order of their contributions, centered between the side margins. For names with suffixes (e.g., Jr. and II), separate the suffix from the rest of the name with a space instead of a comma.

image author guidelines


First Name Second Name, First Name Second Name, First Name Second Name1 & First Name Second Name

1 Affiliation No. 1, City, Country

2 Affiliation No. 1, City, Country


Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:


General Rules for Text

Please use the following rules for the entire text: abstracts, keywords, headings, and references.

Georgia; Size: 12 pt.


fixed, 12 pt.


Georgia; 12 pt.;
Bold; for example:
1. First-level Heading


Georgia; 12 pt.; Italic;
for example:
1.1 Second-level Heading


Georgia; 12 pt.;
for example:
1.1.1 Third-level Heading


A concise and factual abstract is required. It should be between 200 and 250 words. The abstract should briefly state the research’s purpose, principal results, and significant conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full in the abstract without relying on the reference list.


Immediately after the abstract, provide 5-7 keywords in alphabetical order, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (e.g., “and”, “of”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.

Subdivision of the Article

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections (e.g., 1., 2., 3., etc.). Subsections should be numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc., and sub-subsections should be numbered 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc. Note that the abstract is not included in the section numbering. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to “the text.” Any subsection should not be more than 600 words. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.


The text size of equations should be similar to the normal text size. The formula should be placed in the center, justified with the serial number on the right. For example:


Number tables consecutively following their appearance in the text. Place a table’s caption above the table’s body and its description below the body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in using tables and ensure that the data presented in tables does not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

For example:

Table 1. Title

Table head Table Column Head
Sub-Head Sub-Head Sub-Head

Figures and Schemes

Number figures consecutively following their appearance in the text. Place a figure’s caption and description below the figure’s body. A minimum resolution of 300 DPI is required. You may resize the figures or schemes to fit the page size.

Figure 1. Figure Title Note.

Avoid abbreviating the titles of tables, figures, and equations (i.e., Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Eq. 3) in the caption or running text. Do not write “the table above/below” or “the figure on page 32” because a table’s or figure’s position and page number cannot be determined until the pages are typeset.


Cite the work of those whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work. They may provide essential background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data. The citation of an article implies that you have personally read the cited work. In addition to crediting the ideas of others, you used to build your thesis, provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not considered common knowledge.

Citations in the Text

Each reference cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in the text. However, two kinds of material are cited only in the text: references to classical works such as the Bible and the Qur’an, whose sections are standardized across editions, and references to personal communication. References in a meta-analysis are only cited in the text if they are also mentioned in the text.
When formatting an in-text citation, give, in parentheses, the last name of the author of the cited work and the year it was published. For unpublished or informally published works, give the year the work was produced. Write “in the press” in parentheses for articles that have been accepted for publication, but that have not yet been published. Wait to give a date until the article has been published.

In all other instances, citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association.



Name both authors in the signal phrase or the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text; use the ampersand in the parentheses.

Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports…

(Wegener & Petty, 1994)


List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source.

(Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993)

In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or parentheses.

(Kernis et al., 1993)


Use the first author’s last name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

Harris et al. (2001) argued…

(Harris et al., 2001)


To prevent confusion, use first initials when citing two or more authors with the same last name.

(E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998)


If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and Web pages are put in quotation marks.

A similar study was done on students learning to format research papers.

Note: In the rare case that “Anonymous” is used for the author, treat it as the author’s name in parentheses and on the reference page.

(Anonymous, 2001)


If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source.

According to the American Psychological Association (2000), …

If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets behind the organization’s full name the first time the source is cited, and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) Second citation: (MADD, 2000)

Citations in the Text

As a minimum, the full URL should be given. If known, any further information (author names, dates, references to a source publication, etc.) should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or they can be included in the reference list.


Reference List

Please find below information on basic rules in a reference list.

  • A hanging indent of two characters should define each entry in your reference list.
  • Authors’ names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work if it has three to seven authors. If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six and then use ellipses after the sixth author’s name. After the ellipses, list the last author’s name of the work. Use “&” instead of “and” when listing multiple authors of a single work.
  • The last name of the first author of each work should be alphabetized in reference list entries.
  • If you have more than one article by the same author, single-author references or multiple-author references with the same authors in the same order are listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.
  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles.
  • When referring to any work that is not a journal, such as a book, article, or Web page, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word.